Seaport in Somalia, with the only sheltered harbour on the south side of the Gulf of Aden; population (2007 est) 263,100. It is in a strategic position on the oil route and has a deep-sea port, completed in 1969. The port, which was the capital of British Somaliland
until 1941, is the terminus of roads from Hargeysa and Burko, and an airport now adds to its accessibility. Berbera exports sheep, gum arabic, frankincense, and myrrh. Its seaborne trade is chiefly with Aden which lies in Yemen 240 km/150 mi to the north.
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