US writer. He wrote the classic novel of mid-20th-century adolescence The Catcher in the Rye
(1951). He developed his lyrical Zen themes in Franny and Zooey
(1961), Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters
, and Seymour: An Introduction
(1963). Some of his best short stories, such as For Esmé With Love and Squalor, are collected in Nine Stories
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