Creating a rich habitat of trees, shrubs and flowers is the key to planting for birds, to produce insects, fruits and seeds that birds will eat.
You don't need to devote your entire garden to wildlife, but set up a feeding station in one area, which might consist of a couple of trees, a thick hedge, a group of berrying shrubs, or some colourful cottage garden plants.
You could also plant some bulbs and wildflowers and leave a few piles of twigs and stones. Once you have planted up this area, it helps to leave it alone as much as possible to allow a natural habitat to develop. Dense evergreen or deciduous bushes, tangles of clematis and honeysuckle and an old tree can shelter nesting blackbirds, chaffinches, robins and dunnocks.
Feeders and bird tables
What kind of plants do I need?
It also helps to adopt a more relaxed approach to gardening, avoiding chemical sprays and slug pellets, to encourage smaller creatures and insects which are food for birds.
If you tidy up and trim immediately after plants have flowered, birds can't use the seeds, so think about letting plants die back naturally and then tidying them up later. Other ideas include allowing ivy to scramble up a fence at the end of the garden, leave piles of leaves and fallen fruit, and let a patch of flowers go to seed.
Find out more at www.rspb.org.uk.